Buffalo Grass: A Resilient and Adaptable Perennial

Buffalo grass, scientifically known as Stenotaphrum secundatum, is a versatile and hardy grass that belongs to the Poaceae family. More commonly known as St. Augustine grass, this plant is native to warm regions of South America but has now spread to other parts of the world, making it a popular choice for lawns, gardens, and sports fields.

While some may shy away from using buffalo grass due to its thin blades and low growth habit, this resilient plant has many outstanding features that make it a sought-after choice for landscaping and turfing Stenotaphrum Secundatum. Let's take a closer look at this plant and explore why it's a beloved choice for many gardeners and turf managers worldwide.

Appearance and Body Shape

One of the most apparent features of buffalo grass is its grass-like body shape, with thin blades that grow up to 10-30 cm tall. This low growth habit makes it an ideal choice for lawns and turfing, as it requires much less mowing and maintenance compared to other grasses. Its thin blades also give it a soft and lush appearance, making it an attractive choice for ornamental gardens.

Aside from its low growth habit, buffalo grass also has a beautiful emerald green color that adds a vibrant touch to any landscape. Its dense growth and ability to quickly fill in bare spaces also make it perfect for areas with high foot traffic, such as sports fields and parks.

Habitat and Geographical Distribution

Buffalo grass is native to tropical and subtropical regions, particularly in South America. It is a common sight in countries such as Brazil, Argentina, and Paraguay. However, due to its resilience and adaptability to different climates, it has now spread to other parts of the world with warm temperatures such as Australia, New Zealand, and the southern United States St Johns Wort.

Its ability to thrive in various habitats, including sandy soils, makes it a popular choice for landscaping and turfing in different regions. It can also withstand drought and high-temperature conditions, making it a great option for areas with harsh climates.

Perennial and Growth Cycle

Buffalo grass is a perennial plant, which means it has a lifespan of more than two years. This makes it a great long-term investment for landscapes and grassed areas, as it does not require frequent replanting.

Its growth cycle follows a simple yet fascinating process. In warmer regions, buffalo grass tends to grow and spread actively during the summer and early autumn months, and goes into dormancy during the winter. As the temperature rises, it will come out of its dormant state and start growing again in the spring.

Caring for Buffalo Grass

Despite its hardiness, buffalo grass still requires proper care and maintenance to ensure it stays healthy and lush. Here are some tips for caring for this versatile plant:


  • Watering: Buffalo grass is drought-tolerant but still requires regular watering, especially during its active growth cycle. Water deeply but infrequently to encourage deep root growth.

  • Fertilization: This plant is not heavy feeder and requires moderate amounts of fertilizer. Over-fertilization can lead to thatch build-up, which can harm the plant.

  • Mowing: Buffalo grass has a low growth habit, so it does not require frequent mowing. However, regular mowing will help promote a dense growth and prevent weeds from establishing.

  • Thatch control: Buffalo grass is prone to thatch build-up, which can harm the plant's health. Dethatching once a year, preferably in the early spring, is essential to keep the plant healthy and lush.

  • Disease and pest control: Buffalo grass is relatively resistant to diseases and pests. However, it is prone to fungus growth if overwatered, so proper watering is crucial in preventing this problem.



Caring for buffalo grass may require a bit of effort, but the results are worthwhile. With proper care, this plant can create a lush and resilient lawn or landscape that can withstand various environmental conditions.

Benefits of Using Buffalo Grass

Aside from its striking appearance and resilience, buffalo grass has many other benefits that make it a top choice for lawns and turfs. Some of these benefits include:


  1. Environmental friendly: Buffalo grass is a low-maintenance plant that does not require heavy use of fertilizers and water, making it an eco-friendly choice for landscaping.

  2. Durable: Buffalo grass has deep roots that help it withstand harsh conditions such as drought and extreme temperatures, making it perfect for areas with harsh climates.

  3. Low foot traffic tolerance: Its dense growth habit and ability to quickly fill in bare spaces make it perfect for high foot traffic areas such as sports fields and parks.

  4. Disease and pest resistance: Buffalo grass is relatively resistant to diseases and pests, making it a low-maintenance choice for lawns and landscapes.

  5. Cool-season tolerance: Unlike other warm-season grasses, buffalo grass can tolerate cooler temperatures, making it an excellent choice for locations where the temperature varies throughout the year.



The Versatile and Adaptable Buffalo Grass

Buffalo grass may not be the most obvious choice for landscaping, with its thin blades and low growth habit. However, this resilient and adaptable plant has many outstanding features that make it a popular choice for lawns, gardens, and sports fields.

From its dense growth and low foot traffic tolerance to its vibrant green color that adds a touch of lively to any landscape, this plant has something to offer for every landscaper and turf manager. With proper care and maintenance, buffalo grass can create a beautiful and sustainable lawn or landscape that will last for years to come.

Stenotaphrum Secundatum

Stenotaphrum Secundatum


Plant Details Stenotaphrum Secundatum - Scientific Name: Stenotaphrum secundatum

  • Categories: Plants S
  • Scientific Name: Stenotaphrum secundatum
  • Common Name: Buffalo grass
  • Kingdom: Plantae
  • Phylum: Tracheophyta
  • Class: Liliopsida
  • Order: Poales
  • Family: Poaceae
  • Habitat: Tropical and subtropical regions
  • Geographical Distribution: Native to South America, but now widely distributed in warm regions worldwide
  • Country of Origin: South America
  • Location: Tropical and subtropical regions
  • Color: Green
  • Body Shape: Grass-like
  • Size: Grows up to 10-30 cm tall
  • Age: Perennial

Buffalo grass

Buffalo grass


  • Reproduction: By seeds, stolons and rhizomes
  • Behavior: Stoloniferous
  • Conservation Status: Not listed
  • Use: Ornamental grass, erosion control, and as a turf grass
  • Unique Features: Forms dense, low-growing mats and can tolerate heavy foot traffic
  • Interesting Facts: Buffalo grass is a low maintenance grass that requires less mowing and watering compared to other turf grasses
  • Type of Photosynthesis: C4
  • Type of Root: Fibrous
  • Maximum Height: 10-30 cm
  • Climate Zone: Tropical and subtropical regions
  • Soil Type: Well-drained soil
  • Ecological Role: Provides habitat for insects and small animals, helps prevent soil erosion
  • Type of Reproduction: Sexual and asexual
  • Flowering Season: Summer
  • Water Requirements: Moderate

Buffalo Grass: A Resilient and Adaptable Perennial

Stenotaphrum secundatum


The Versatile Stenotaphrum Secundatum: A Wonder Grass That Offers More Than Just Looks

Grass is something that we usually take for granted, but it plays a crucial role in our daily lives. From providing us with oxygen to acting as a soft cushion for our feet, grass is an essential part of our ecosystem. There are numerous types of grass, each with its unique characteristics and uses. One such grass is the Stenotaphrum Secundatum, also known as the buffalo grass WebPolicial.Net. This versatile grass is not only visually appealing but also has a multitude of features that make it stand out from the rest. Let's dive deeper into the world of Stenotaphrum Secundatum and explore its various unique features.

Stenotaphrum Secundatum is a warm-season grass that belongs to the Poaceae family. It is native to the tropical and subtropical regions of America, Africa, and Australia. This grass has become a popular choice for turf grasses and is widely used in many parts of the world. In this article, we will take a closer look at the various distinctive features of Stenotaphrum Secundatum and why it is a must-have in your lawn or garden.

Reproduction: By Seeds, Stolons, and Rhizomes


One of the most remarkable features of the Stenotaphrum Secundatum is its reproductive abilities. This grass can reproduce by seeds, stolons, and rhizomes. Stolons are above-ground stems that grow horizontally, producing new plants at each node, while rhizomes are underground stems that also produce new plants Squirrel Corn. This multi-faceted method of reproduction allows the Stenotaphrum Secundatum to spread quickly and form dense, low-growing mats that are ideal for turf or ground cover. This means that with just a small patch of buffalo grass, you can easily cultivate a large area in a short amount of time.

Behavior: Stoloniferous


The Stenotaphrum Secundatum is a stoloniferous grass, meaning it has a creeping growth habit. This behavior is essential in creating dense, low-growing mats that are resistant to wear and tear, making it an ideal choice for high-traffic areas. As the stolons grow horizontally, they quickly spread and fill in bare areas, giving the appearance of a full, luscious lawn. Due to its stoloniferous nature, the Stenotaphrum Secundatum is also an excellent choice for erosion control. The grass's root system effectively holds onto the soil, preventing it from eroding away, making it a beneficial grass for areas with slopes or high rainfall.

Conservation Status: Not Listed


The conservation status of a species is an essential factor to consider when choosing plants for your lawn or garden. However, when it comes to Stenotaphrum Secundatum, there is no need to worry as it is not listed under any conservation status. This means that the grass is not considered endangered or at risk of extinction. The widespread distribution of this grass provides homeowners with the assurance that they are not contributing to the depletion of endangered species.

Use: Ornamental Grass, Erosion Control, and as a Turf Grass


The Stenotaphrum Secundatum is a versatile grass that can enhance the aesthetic appeal of any landscape. Its dense, low-growing mats provide a lush green carpet-like appearance, making it a popular choice for ornamental grass in gardens and lawns. Its ability to control erosion also makes it a valuable grass for landscaping on slopes or areas prone to heavy rainfall.

Moreover, the Stenotaphrum Secundatum is a popular choice for turf grass. Its dense and durable nature makes it resistant to wear and tear, making it an ideal choice for high-traffic areas such as parks, schools, and sports fields. It is also a low maintenance grass, requiring less mowing and watering compared to other turf grasses, making it a cost-effective option for homeowners.

Unique Features: Forms Dense, Low-Growing Mats and Can Tolerate Heavy Foot Traffic


One of the most unique and prominent features of the Stenotaphrum Secundatum is its ability to form dense, low-growing mats. This makes it a favorite among homeowners as it provides a thick, green lawn that adds beauty to any landscape. Additionally, the Stenotaphrum Secundatum is a durable grass that can withstand heavy foot traffic. This is due to its stoloniferous nature, which allows the grass to quickly spread and fill in bare areas, making it an excellent choice for high-traffic areas such as parks and playgrounds. Its ability to tolerate heavy foot traffic also makes it an ideal choice for families with young children or pets that love to play outdoors.

Interesting Facts: Buffalo Grass is a Low Maintenance Grass That Requires Less Mowing and Watering Compared to Other Turf Grasses


Maintaining a lawn can be a time-consuming and expensive task, but not with the Stenotaphrum Secundatum. The buffalo grass is a low maintenance grass that requires less mowing and watering compared to other turf grasses. This is because buffalo grass is drought tolerant and can survive in hot, dry conditions. Its deep root system allows it to access water deep in the soil, reducing the need for frequent watering. This, combined with its slow growth rate, means you will spend less time and money on maintaining your lawn, leaving you with more time to enjoy its lush appearance.

Type of Photosynthesis: C4


C4 photosynthesis is a biochemical process found in some plants that is more efficient in converting carbon dioxide into sugar than the more common C3 photosynthesis. The Stenotaphrum Secundatum is one of these plants that uses C4 photosynthesis, making it well-suited for the hot and humid conditions of its natural habitat. This type of photosynthesis allows the Stenotaphrum Secundatum to thrive even in low levels of carbon dioxide, making it a versatile and hardy grass.

Type of Root: Fibrous


The Stenotaphrum Secundatum has a fibrous root system, meaning that its roots are thin and spread out, creating a dense network. This type of root system makes the grass resistant to drought and helps with soil stabilization, making it an ideal choice for preventing soil erosion. The fibrous root system also allows the grass to access nutrients and water more efficiently, contributing to its low maintenance nature.

Maximum Height: 10-30 cm


The Stenotaphrum Secundatum has a maximum height of 10-30 cm, making it a low-growing grass. This makes it an ideal choice for areas where maintaining a lush, green lawn is crucial, such as golf courses, parks, and gardens. Its low height also makes it easier to mow and maintain, reducing the time and effort required to keep your lawn looking neat and tidy.

Climate Zone: Tropical and Subtropical Regions


As mentioned earlier, the Stenotaphrum Secundatum is native to tropical and subtropical regions, making it ideally suited for hot, humid climates. However, this does not mean it cannot thrive in other regions. This grass is also popular in areas with cooler climates, as long as it receives enough sunlight and water. Its ability to adapt to various climates is one of the reasons for its worldwide popularity.

Soil Type: Well-Drained Soil


The Stenotaphrum Secundatum thrives in well-drained soil, making it essential to ensure good drainage in your lawn before planting this grass. However, it can adapt to a variety of soil types, including sand, clay, or loam. This makes it a versatile grass that can thrive in a variety of landscapes, as long as it receives adequate sunlight and water.

Ecological Role: Provides Habitat for Insects and Small Animals, Helps Prevent Soil Erosion


Apart from its various uses in landscaping, the Stenotaphrum Secundatum also plays a crucial ecological role. Its stoloniferous behavior creates a dense, low-growing mat that provides shelter for insects and small animals. This is essential in maintaining the balance of our ecosystem. Moreover, its ability to control soil erosion helps in preserving natural landscapes and preventing land degradation.

Type of Reproduction: Sexual and Asexual


The Stenotaphrum Secundatum can reproduce both sexually and asexually. Sexual reproduction occurs through seeds, while asexual reproduction occurs through stolons and rhizomes. This dual method of reproduction contributes to the robust nature of this grass, making it a popular choice for landscaping.

Flowering Season: Summer


The Stenotaphrum Secundatum produces small, inconspicuous flowers during the summer season. These flowers are pollinated by wind or insects, helping in the grass's reproductive process. The flowering season also adds to the aesthetic appeal of this grass, as the delicate flowers dotting the lawn create a beautiful sight

Stenotaphrum secundatum

Buffalo Grass: A Resilient and Adaptable Perennial


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